Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 27,750 km² (10,714 sq. mi.);
Ile de la Gonave and Ile de la Tortue comprise Haiti’s principal offshore territories. Terrain: Rugged mountains with small coastal plains and river valleys, and a large east-central elevated plateau.
Climate: Tropical, semiarid, high humidity in many coastal areas, mountains in east cut off trade winds.